Oscillopsia is a visual disturbance in which objects in the visual field appear to oscillate. The severity of the effect may range from a mild blurring to rapid and periodic jumping. Oscillopsia is an incapacitating condition experienced by many patients with neurological disorders. It may be the result of ocular instability occurring after the ocular motor system is affected, no longer holding images steady on the retina. A change in the size of the vestibulo-ocular reflex due to vestibular disease can also lead to oscillopsia during rapid head movements. Oscillopsia may also be caused by involuntary eye movements such as nystagmus, or impaired coordination in the visual cortex (especially due to toxins) and is one of the symptoms of superior canal dehiscence syndrome. Sufferers may experience dizziness and nausea. Oscillopsia can also be used as a quantitative test to document aminoglycoside toxicity. Permanent Oscillopsia can arise from an impairment of the ocular system that serves to maintain ocular stability. Paroxysmal Oscillopsia can be due to an abnormal hyperactivity in the peripheral ocular or vestibular system.
Ocular stability is maintained by three different ocular motor systems
1. The fixation system and its deficit
2. The Visuo-Vestibular stabilizing systems and their deficits
3. The Neural Integrator and its deficit
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