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definitions - protest

protest (n.)

1.the act of protesting; a public (often organized) manifestation of dissent

2.a formal and solemn declaration of objection"they finished the game under protest to the league president" "the senator rose to register his protest" "the many protestations did not stay the execution"

3.the act of making a strong public expression of disagreement and disapproval"he shouted his protests at the umpire" "a shower of protest was heard from the rear of the hall"

protest (v.)

1.utter words of protest

2.affirm or avow formally or solemnly"The suspect protested his innocence"

3.express opposition through action or words"dissent to the laws of the country"

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Merriam Webster

ProtestPro*test" (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Protested; p. pr. & vb. n. Protesting.] [F. protester, L. protestari, pro before + testari to be a witness, testis a witness. See Testify.]
1. To affirm in a public or formal manner; to bear witness; to declare solemnly; to avow.

He protest that his measures are pacific. Landor.

The lady doth protest too much, methinks. Shak.

2. To make a solemn declaration (often a written one) expressive of opposition; -- with against; as, he protest against your votes. Denham.

The conscience has power . . . to protest againts the exorbitancies of the passions. Shak.

Syn. -- To affirm; asseverate; assert; aver; attest; testify; declare; profess. See Affirm.

ProtestPro*test", v. t.
1. To make a solemn declaration or affirmation of; to proclaim; to display; as, to protest one's loyalty.

I will protest your cowardice. Shak.

2. To call as a witness in affirming or denying, or to prove an affirmation; to appeal to.

Fiercely [they] opposed
My journey strange, with clamorous uproar
Protesting fate supreme.

To protest a bill or To protest a note (Law), to make a solemn written declaration, in due form, on behalf of the holder, against all parties liable for any loss or damage to be sustained by the nonacceptance or the nonpayment of the bill or note, as the case may be. This should be made by a notary public, whose seal it is the usual practice to affix. Kent. Story.

ProtestPro"test (?), n. [Cf. F. protêt, It. protesto. See Protest, v.]
1. A solemn declaration of opinion, commonly a formal objection against some act; especially, a formal and solemn declaration, in writing, of dissent from the proceedings of a legislative body; as, the protest of lords in Parliament.

2. (Law) (a) A solemn declaration in writing, in due form, made by a notary public, usually under his notarial seal, on behalf of the holder of a bill or note, protesting against all parties liable for any loss or damage by the nonacceptance or nonpayment of the bill, or by the nonpayment of the note, as the case may be. (b) A declaration made by the master of a vessel before a notary, consul, or other authorized officer, upon his arrival in port after a disaster, stating the particulars of it, and showing that any damage or loss sustained was not owing to the fault of the vessel, her officers or crew, but to the perils of the sea, etc., ads the case may be, and protesting against them. (c) A declaration made by a party, before or while paying a tax, duty, or the like, demanded of him, which he deems illegal, denying the justice of the demand, and asserting his rights and claims, in order to show that the payment was not voluntary. Story. Kent.

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definition (more)

definition of Wikipedia

synonyms - protest

see also - protest

protest (v.)

protestable, protester, protestor


-1968 Democratic National Convention protest activity • 1982 Sabra and Shatila massacre protest • 2000 Democratic National Convention protest activity • 2003 Port of Oakland dock protest • 2004 Republican National Convention protest activity • 2005 counter-inaugural protest • 2006 Israeli reserve soldiers' protest • 2007 Koidu-Sefadu protest • 2007 Macau labour protest • 2007 Macau transfer of sovereignty anniversary protest • 2009 Guinea protest • 2009 Luquan protest • 517 Protest • 8888 protest • Anti-war protest • August 1994 protest in Cuba • Australian industrial relations legislation national day of protest, 2005 • Black World Wide Web protest • Blanket protest • Bolivian miners' protest of 2007 • Budget Protest League • Counter protest • Counter-Protest • December 2005 protest for democracy in Hong Kong • Dirty Protest Theatre • Dirty protest • Dongas road protest group • EU-Latin America summit of 2004 protest activity • Fathers 4 Justice Buckingham Palace protest • Fathers 4 Justice House of Commons protest • Fathers 4 Justice Tower Bridge protest • February 15, 2003 anti-war protest • Fisk University protest • Fortress (Protest the Hero album) • Glasgow school closures protest, 2009 • Halloween 2002 anti-war protest • Halloween 2002 protest • January 20, 2005 counter-inaugural protest • January 27, 2007 anti-war protest • Kezia (Protest the Hero album) • Korean beef protest • Letter of protest • Liberty Street Protest • List of protest marches on Washington, D.C. • M11 Protest • M11 link road protest • March 17, 2007 anti-war protest • March 19, 2008 anti-war protest • March 20, 2003 anti-war protest • March 9, 1991 protest • Miss America protest • Māori protest movement • National Day of Mourning (United States protest) • National protest • Nudity and protest • Occupation (protest) • October 25, 2008 anti-China protest • Picketing (protest) • Pimentel III vs. Zubiri Senate Electoral Protest • Power, Profit and Protest • Protest (The Dears EP) • Protest Records • Protest Songs • Protest Warrior • Protest and Survive • Protest art • Protest camp • Protest cycle • Protest in South Africa • Protest march • Protest of Zofia Kossak-Szczucka • Protest party • Protest singer • Protest song • Protest the Hero • Protest vote • Purple Rain Protest • Quebec City protest • Right to protest • Road protest • Road protest in the United Kingdom • Rosenstrasse protest • S11 (protest) • Sea protest • Self-immolations in protest to the Vietnam War • September 15, 2007 anti-war protest • September 24, 2005 anti-war protest • Souls Protest • South Carolina Exposition and Protest • Student protest • Tangshan Protest • The Last Protest Singer • The Lysistrata Project (protest) • The lady doth protest too much, methinks. • Tobacco Protest • UK fuel protest • World Trade Organization Ministerial Conference of 1999 protest activity

analogical dictionary


protest (n.) [jurisprudence]

protest (v. tr.)



  March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom

A protest is an expression of objection, by words or by actions, to particular events, policies or situations. Protests can take many different forms, from individual statements to mass demonstrations. Protesters may organize a protest as a way of publicly making their opinions heard in an attempt to influence public opinion or government policy, or they may undertake direct action in an attempt to directly enact desired changes themselves.[1] Where protests are part of a systematic and peaceful campaign to achieve a particular objective, and involve the use of pressure as well as persuasion, they go beyond mere protest and may be better described as cases of civil resistance or nonviolent resistance.[2]

Various forms of self-expression and protest are sometimes restricted[3] by governmental policy, economic circumstances, religious orthodoxy, social structures, or media monopoly. When such restrictions occur, protests may assume the form of open civil disobedience, more subtle forms of resistance against the restrictions, or may spill over into other areas such as culture and emigration.

A protest can itself sometimes be the subject of a counter-protest. In such a case, counter-protesters demonstrate their support for the person, policy, action, etc. that is the subject of the original protest.


  Historical notions

  Tea Party protesters fill the West Lawn of the U.S. Capitol and the National Mall on September 12, 2009.

Unaddressed protests may grow and widen into civil resistance, dissent, activism, riots, insurgency, revolts, and political and/or social revolution. Some examples of protests include:

  Forms of protest

Commonly recognized forms of protest include:

  Public demonstration or political rally

  Demonstrators marching outside the 2008 Republican National Convention in Saint Paul, Minnesota.

Some forms of direct action listed in this article are also public demonstrations or rallies.

  • Protest march, a historically and geographically common form of nonviolent action by groups of people.
  • Picketing, a form of protest in which people congregate outside a place of work or location where an event is taking place. Often, this is done in an attempt to dissuade others from going in ("crossing the picket line"), but it can also be done to draw public attention to a cause.
  • Street protesters, characteristically, work alone, gravitating towards areas of high foot traffic, and employing handmade placards such as sandwich boards or picket signs in order to maximize exposure and interaction with the public.
  • Lockdowns and lock-ons are a way to stop movement of an object, like a structure or tree and to thwart movement of actual protesters from the location. Users employ various chains, locks and even the sleeping dragon for impairment of those trying to remove them with a matrix of composted materials.
  • Die-ins are a form of protest where participants simulate being dead (with varying degrees of realism). In the simplest form of a die-in, protesters simply lie down on the ground and pretend to be dead, sometimes covering themselves with signs or banners. Much of the effectiveness depends on the posture of the protesters, for when not properly executed, the protest might look more like a "sleep-in". For added realism, simulated wounds are sometimes painted on the bodies, or (usually "bloody") bandages are used.
  • Protest song is a song which protests perceived problems in society. Every major movement in Western history has been accompanied by its own collection of protest songs, from slave emancipation to women's suffrage, the labor movement, civil rights, the anti-war movement, the feminist movement, the environmental movement. Over time, the songs have come to protest more abstract, moral issues, such as injustice, racial discrimination, the morality of war in general (as opposed to purely protesting individual wars), globalization, inflation, social inequalities, and incarceration.
  • Radical cheerleading. The idea is to ironically reappropriate the aesthetics of cheerleading, for example by changing the chants to promote feminism and left-wing causes. Many radical cheerleaders (some of whom are male, transgender or non-gender identified) are in appearance far from the stereotypical image of a cheerleader.
  • Critical Mass bike rides have been perceived as protest activities. A 2006 New Yorker magazine article described Critical Mass' activity in New York City as "monthly political-protest rides", and characterized Critical Mass as a part of a social movement;[4] and the UK e-zine Urban75, which advertises as well as publishes photographs of the Critical Mass event in London, describes this as "the monthly protest by cyclists reclaiming the streets of London."[5] However, Critical Mass participants have insisted that these events should be viewed as "celebrations" and spontaneous gatherings, and not as protests or organized demonstrations.[6][7] This stance allows Critical Mass to argue a legal position that its events can occur without advance notification of local police.[8][9]
  • Toyi-toyi is a Southern African dance originally from Zimbabwe that became famous for its use in political protests in the apartheid-era South Africa, see Protest in South Africa.

  Written demonstration

Written evidence of political or economic power, or democratic justification may also be a way of protesting.

  • Petitions
  • Letters (to show political power by the volume of letters): For example, some letter writing campaigns especially with signed form letter

  Civil disobedience demonstrations

  FEMEN protesting in Ukraine against patriarchy

Any protest could be civil disobedience if a “ruling authority” says so, but the following are usually civil disobedience demonstrations:

  As a residence


  Direct action

  Protesting a government

  Protesting a military shipment

  By government employees

  The District of Columbia issues license plates protesting the "taxation without representation" that occurs due to its special status.

  Job action

  In sports

During a sporting event, under certain circumstances, one side may choose to play a game "under protest", usually when they feel the rules are not being correctly applied. The event continues as normal, and the events causing the protest are reviewed after the fact. If the protest is held to be valid, then the results of the event are changed. Each sport has different rules for protests.

  By management

  By tenants

  By consumers


  Civil disobedience to censorship

  By Internet and social networking

  Protesters in Zuccotti Park who are part of Occupy Wall Street using the Internet to get out their message over social networking as events happen, September 2011

Blogging and social networking have become effective tools to register protest and grievances. Protests can express views, news and use viral networking to reach out to thousands of people.

  Literature, art, culture

  Protests against religious or ideological institutions

  Economic effects of protests against companies

A study of 342 US protests covered by the New York Times newspaper in the period 1962 and 1990 showed that such public activities usually had an impact on the company's publicly-traded stock price. The most intriguing aspect of the study's findings is that what mattered most was not the number of protest participants, but the amount of media coverage the event received. Stock prices fell an average of one-tenth of a percent for every paragraph printed about the event.[11]

  See also


  1. ^ St. John Barned-Smith, "How We Rage: This Is Not Your Parents' Protest," Current (Winter 2007): 17-25.
  2. ^ Adam Roberts, Introduction, in Adam Roberts and Timothy Garton Ash (eds.), Civil Resistance and Power Politics: The Experience of Non-violent Action from Gandhi to the Present, Oxford University Press, 2009, pp. 2-3, where a more comprehensive definition of "civil resistance" may be found.
  3. ^ Daniel L. Schofield, S.J.D. (November 1994). "Controlling Public Protest: First Amendment Implications". in the FBI's Law Enforcement Bulletin. http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Controlling+public+protest%3a+First+Amendment+implications.-a016473804. Retrieved 2009-12-16. 
  4. ^ Mcgrath, Ben (November 13, 2006). "Holy Rollers". http://www.newyorker.com/printables/fact/061113fa_fact. 
  5. ^ "Critical Mass London". Urban75. 2006. http://www.urban75.org/photos/critical. 
  6. ^ "Pittsburgh Critical Mass". http://pghcriticalmass.org/. 
  7. ^ "Critical Mass: Over 260 Arrested in First Major Protest of RNC". Democracy Now!. August 30, 2004. http://www.democracynow.org/article.pl?sid=04/08/30/1453256. 
  8. ^ Seaton, Matt (October 26, 2005). "Critical crackdown". London: The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/g2/story/0,3604,1600570,00.html. Retrieved May 22, 2010. 
  9. ^ Rosi-Kessel, Adam (August 24, 2004). "[*BCM* Hong Kong Critical Mass News"]. http://www.bostoncriticalmass.org/pipermail/bostoncriticalmass/2004-August/000146.html. 
  10. ^ Adam Roberts and Timothy Garton Ash (eds.), Civil Resistance and Power Politics: The Experience of Non-violent Action from Gandhi to the Present, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. ISBN 978-0-19-955201-6.[1]
  11. ^ Deseret Morning News, 13 Nov. 2007 issue, p. E3, Coverage of protests hurts firms, Cornell-Y. study says, Angie Welling


All translations of protest

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Commercial use of this term

1960s Vietnam War PEACE SIGN Vintage Protest Button (3503) (2.95 USD)

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1970 Original Photo SF Students Protest Regime Shah Of Iran & Princess Ashraf (14.99 USD)

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1967 Vintage Photo JEWISH Israel Festival San Francisco & Arab Students Protest (15.99 USD)

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1950 Press Photo Mothers protest lack of playground facilities (17.0 USD)

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L2 1965 New York Sisters Charity Harlem Protest Discrimination Press Photo (16.0 USD)

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1966 Press Photo Dublin Ireland farmers in protest march for economic rights (17.0 USD)

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L2 1970 Young Negros Picket Protest Boycotting White Merchants Original Photo (16.0 USD)

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1947 Press Photo Dallas Texas Mrs WH Woodward protest parade vs LBJ (17.0 USD)

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1946 Press Photo Wash Dc Camp Simms cab caravan protest from Chicago (17.0 USD)

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1968 Press Photo Chinese communist newsman Hseih Ping lead protest (20.0 USD)

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1952 Press Photo Anne DeGolyer mailing out "protest" stamps for taxes. (20.0 USD)

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L2 1973 Striking Strippers Protest Picketing Pink Panther Club Orig Photo (16.0 USD)

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1961 Automobile Parade Anti Castro Cuban Protest Freedom Fighter Press Photo (19.99 USD)

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1967 Press Photo Police Hold D. Patrick Huber Unlawful Protest Louisville, KY (17.0 USD)

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1950 Waltham MA Watch Co Women Employees Protest Layoff Press Photo (25.0 USD)

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1960 Athens Greece Bleeding Police Man Demonstration Protest Injured Press Photo (19.99 USD)

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S48 1958 Ankara Turkey Crowd Protest British Policy Original Press Photo (16.0 USD)

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S46 1975 State House Boston University Massachusetts Protest Orig Press Photo (16.0 USD)

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