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definitions - ri

RI (n.)

1.a state in New England; one of the original 13 colonies; the smallest state

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-146 RI • A Ri Ga To U • ActUp/RI • Ard Ri • Ard Rí • Baegyang-ri Station • Balldren i Ri • Bouchard Archeological Site, RI-1025 • Breezy Hill Site (RI-957) • Bres Rí • Camp TA-RI-GO • Carbuncle Hill Archaeological District, RI-1072-1079 • Castel Sant'Angelo (RI) • Cha Du-Ri • Chae Ri Na • Chae Ri-na • Chang Jo-ri • Cherry Valley Archeological Site, RI-279 • Choi Man Ri • Choseong-ri Station • Coláiste Chríost Rí, Cork • Conchobar Mac Con Rí • Cuide ri Cathy • Cumberland,RI • Daegwang-ri Station • Daeseong-ri Station • Devil's Foot Cemetery Archeological Site, RI-694 • Dolma Ri • Doo-Ri Chung • Double L Site, RI-958 • Dragmarpo Ri • Du-Ri Cha • Dún na Rí Forest Park • Fernwood Archeological Site, RI-702 • Gokyo Ri • Ha Ri-Su • Haha wo Tazunete Sanzen Ri • Harmony, ri • Hazard Farmstead (Joyner Site RI-706) • Hong Ri-na • Howard (RI) • Hwang Mi-ri • Imseong-ri Station • Ja-Ri Corporation • Jang Ri-Ra • Jeongbang-ri Station • Jipyeong-ri • Joam-ri • Jung-ri Station • Katund i Ri • Keikan Ri • Kim Gyu-ri • Kim Joo-ri • Knightsville (RI) • Kohran Ri • Kongde Ri • Kwangde Ri • Kyeon Mi Ri • Kyeon Mi-ri • Lambda Chi Site, RI-704 • Lambert Farm Site, RI-269 • Lee Hyo-Ri • Lee Yoo-ri • List of NHLs in RI • List of RHPs in RI • Maengjung-ri Station • Matthew Perry Monument (Newport, RI) • McGonagle Site, RI-1227 • Mia-ri • Millrace Site, RI-1039 • Ministerial Rd. Site, RI-781 • Moon So-ri • Moosup River Site (RI-1153) • Moswansicut Pond Site, RI-960 • Na Rì • Na Rì District • Nam Gyu-Ri • No Gun Ri • No Gun Ri Massacre • Num Ri • Nursery Site, RI-273 • Oaklawn (RI) • Ok So-ri • Pine Hill Archeological Site, RI-655 • Pongdong-ri • Posta (RI) • Pumo Ri • Pyonghwa-ri • RI (disambiguation) • RI OKNA Zlín • RI(JC) • Raidió Rí-Rá • Ri (kana) • Ri Chun-Ok • Ri Gun • Ri Han Yeong • Ri Han Yong • Ri Han-Jae • Ri Han-yong • Ri Hyang-mi • Ri Hyok-Chol • Ri Kohran(Sakura Taisen) • Ri Kum-Chol • Ri Kum-Song • Ri Kum-Suk • Ri Kwang-Chon • Ri Kwang-Hyok • Ri Kwangba • Ri Myong Jun • Ri Myong-Guk • Ri Myong-Sam • Ri Myung Hun • Ri Richards • Ri Se Gwang • Ri Song Chol • Ri Song-Hui • Ri Sung Gi • Ri Yong-Sam • Ri federal court • Ri history • Ri supreme court • Ri, Orne • Ri-Bhoi • Ri-Kwangba • Ri-verbs • Rince Ri • Robert Ri'chard • Rochambeau Monument (Newport, RI) • S.E.S. Remixed - Dal Ri Gi/Just A Feeling • Sassafras Site, RI-55 • Se Ri Pak • Seojeong-ri Station • Seokjeong-ri Station • Seung Ri • Sha-ri Pendleton • Shu Ha Ri • Shu ha ri • Sinmang-ri Station • Sintan-ri Station • Sojeong-ri Station • Songguk-ri • Su Ha Ri • Su ha ri • Sung Yu Ri • Tanar'ri • Tau'ri • Tau'ri characters in Stargate • Tau'ri organizations in Stargate • The Bridge at No Gun Ri • The Bridges at Toko-Ri • Thomas Carr Farmstead Site (Keeler Site RI-707) • Three Dog Site, RI-151 • Trafalgar Site, RI-639 • Type 5 Chi-Ri • Waeseong in Jukseong-ri, Gijang • Woljeong-ri Station • Woonasquatucket River Site (RI-163)

analogical dictionary

Wikipedia - see also



, or very commonly ríg (genitive), is an ancient Gaelic word meaning "King".[1] It is used in historical texts referring to the Irish and Scottish kings and those of similar rank. While the modern Irish word is exactly the same,[2] in modern Scottish Gaelic it is Rìgh,[3] apparently derived from the genitive. The word comes from the Proto-Indo-European *h₃rēǵs ("ruler, king"). Cognates include Sanskrit 'rā́jan' ("king") and Latin 'rex' ("king, ruler").


  Three traditional grades

There were three traditional grades of in Gaelic Ireland.

  Rí benn

A rí benn (king of peaks), or ri tuaithe (king of a single tribe) was most commonly a local petty king of a single túath, although "one" túath might be many times the size of another. There are generally estimated to have been between 100 and 150 in Ireland, depending on who really qualified.

Importantly, in theory every king of a superior grade was also a ri benn himself, and exercised no direct compulsory legal authority outside his own ancestral túath.[4] Kings were bound to others by military allegiance and the payment of tribute.


  Ri buiden

A ri buiden (king of bands), also ri tuath (king of [many] tribes) or ruiri (overking), was a regional king to whom several rí benn were subordinate, and often other territories. He was in some sense still a petty king, but could also achieve provincial-level prominence, including, although rarely, the provincial kingship, and was often fully sovereign in any case. Depending on who was counted, there may have been as many as 20 genuine ruiri in Ireland at any time.


  Rí ruirech

A "king of over-kings", a rí ruirech was often a provincial (rí cóicid) or semi-provincial king to whom several ruiri were subordinate. They were also referred to as ri bunaid cach cinn ("ultimate king of every individual") Several kingdoms belonging to the 1st and 2nd millennia are listed below, but do not all belong to the same periods. No more than six genuine rí ruirech were ever contemporary, with the average being three or four. Originally, there were only four provinces, at least according to legend (see the Táin Bó Cúailnge, the actual text thereof).


  Ard Rí


Scotland appears to have had a variety of as well. In addition to the monarch or "high king" there were others, although these are conventionally styled only "lords" in the English language.

There were also a number of Kings of Moray, who are commonly styled mormaers in later Scottish tradition, but properly styled in contemporary Irish sources. The famous Macbeth of Scotland is argued to have begun his career as Ruiri of Moray.[5]

  See also



  • Bhreathnach, Edel (ed.), The Kingship and Landscape of Tara. Dublin: Four Courts Press for The Discovery Programme. 2005.
  • Byrne, Francis J., Irish Kings and High-Kings. Dublin: Four Courts Press. 2nd edition, 2001.
  • Charles-Edwards, T. M., Early Christian Ireland. Cambridge University Press. 2000.
  • Cowan, Edward J., "The Historical Macbeth", in Moray: Province and People. ed. W. H. D. Sellar. Edinburgh: Scottish Society for Northern Studies. 1993. 117–142.
  • Dillon, Myles, "The consecration of Irish kings", in Celtica 10 (1973): 1–8.
  • Dillon, Myles, The Cycles of the Kings. Oxford. 1946.
  • FitzPatrick, Elizabeth, Royal Inauguration in Gaelic Ireland c. 1100–1600: A Cultural Landscape Study. Boydell Press. 2004.
  • Hamp, Eric P., "Scottish Gaelic morair", in Scottish Gaelic Studies XIV Part II (1986): 138–141.
  • Jaski, Bart, Early Irish Kingship and Succession. Dublin: Four Courts Press. 2000.
  • MacCotter, Paul, Medieval Ireland: Territorial, Political and Economic Divisions. Dublin: Four Courts Press. 2008.
  • MacNeill, Eoin, Celtic Ireland. Dublin: The Academy Press. 1981. Reissue with new intro. and notes by Donnchadh Ó Corráin of original Martin Lester Ltd edition, 1921.
  • Nicholls, K. W., Gaelic and Gaelicized Ireland in the Middle Ages. Dublin: Lilliput Press. 2nd edition, 2003.
  • Ó Corráin, Donnchadh, "Nationality and Kingship in Pre-Norman Ireland". 1975.
  • Richter, Michael, Medieval Ireland: The Enduring Tradition. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan. 1988.
  • Watkins, Calvert, "Italo-Celtic Revisited", in Birnbaum, Henrik and Jaan Puhvel (eds.), Ancient Indo-European Dialects. University of California Press. pp. 29–50.


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