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definition - seoul metropolitan subway

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Seoul Metropolitan Subway

Seoul Metropolitan Subway
South Korea subway logo.svg
Owner Urban Rail: Seoul Metropolitan City Government
Wide-area Rail: Korea Rail Network Authority, Korail Airport Railroad, Sin Bundang Line
Locale Seoul, South Korea
Incheon, Gyeonggi-do, Chungcheongnam-do, Gangwon-do
Transit type Rapid transit, Commuter rail
Number of lines 16
including 9 urban rail lines in Seoul
Number of stations 328 only including lines operated by Seoul Metro,SMRT,Metro 9
546 total
Daily ridership 7.0 million (2011)
Began operation 1974
Operator(s) Urban Rail: Seoul Metro, SMRT, Metro 9, Incheon Subway
Wide-area Rail: Korail, Korail Airport Railroad, Sin Bundang Line
System length 903.2km
including 317km (196.8 mi) of urban rail lines in Seoul
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
System map

Seoul subway linemap en.svg

The Seoul Metropolitan Subway or Metropolitan Subway in Seoul, in Seoul, South Korea, is one of the most heavily used rapid transit systems in the world, which services 7 million passengers by the metropolitan system alone and well over 8 million trips daily by the greater system's sixteen lines consisted of the Seoul Metro, Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation & Korail commuter lines. The system serves Seoul, Incheon, Gyeonggi-do, northern Chungcheongnam-do, and western Gangwon-do. There are connections to the Incheon International Airport Railroad (A'REX) at Seoul Station and Gimpo Airport, and a free transfer with the single-line Incheon Subway system at Bupyeong on Seoul Subway Line 1. Since 2008, all stations operated by Seoul Metro and SMRT have been fitted with Platform Screen Doors, but only within Seoul and excluding stations operated by Korail.

All directional signs in the Seoul Subway are written in both Korean and English. Station signs and some maps also display Hanja. The pre-recorded voice announcement in the trains indicating the upcoming station, possible line transfer and exiting side are all in Korean followed by English, and in some cases Japanese then Chinese.



The metropolitan subway network is operated in two forms[1] and by seven different organizations:

  Urban Rail

  Wide-area Rail

The operators for lines currently under construction (see below) are as follows:

  Lines & Channels

Line Name
Line Name
Starting Station(s)
Ending Station(s)
Total Length
in km
Line 1
1호선 Soyosan Incheon / Sinchang / Gwangmyeong / or Seodongtan 10 (Metro) / 87 (Korail) 7.8 km (Metro) / 190.6 km (Korail)
Line 2
2호선 City Hall / Seongsu / Sindorim City Hall / Sinseol-dong / Kkachisan 52 60.2 km
Line 3
3호선 Daehwa Ogeum 34 (Metro) / 9 (Korail) 38.2 km (Metro) / 19.2 km (Korail)
Line 4
4호선 Dangogae Oido 26 (Metro) / 22 (Korail) 31.1 km (Metro) / 39.4 km (Korail)
Line 5
5호선 Banghwa Sangil-dong / or Macheon 51 52.3 km
Line 6
6호선 Eungam Bonghwasan 38 35.1 km
Line 7
7호선 Jangam Onsu 42 46.9 km
Line 8
8호선 Amsa Moran 17 17.7 km
Line 9
9호선 Gaehwa Sinnonhyeon 25 27.0 km
Jungang Line
중앙선 Yongsan Yongmun 28 72.6 km
Bundang Line
분당선 Seolleung Giheung 23 32.8 km
Sin Bundang Line
신분당선 Gangnam Jeongja 6 17.3 km
Gyeongui Line
경의선 Seoul Station Munsan 20 46.3 km
Gyeongchun Line
경춘선 Sangbong Chuncheon 18 81.3 km
공항철도 Seoul Station Incheon International Airport 10 58.0 km
Incheon Line 1
인천 1호선 Gyeyang International Business District 29 29.4 km


Korail, the forerunner of Seoul Metro, began operating Line 1 in 1974. Lines 2, 3, and 4 followed in the late 1970s and 1980s. SMRT was formed in 1994 to take over operation of lines 5 to 8. Seoul Metro Line 9 Corporation (a joint venture between Veolia Transport and Hyundai Rotem) was formed in 2009 to operate line 9. NeoTrans Co. Ltd. was formed in 2011 to operate Sin Bundang Line.

On April 7, 2011, 10 subway trains on Line 2 operating between Euljiro 3-ga Station and Sincheon Station were out of service for about an hour when strong wind caused electric cables of the power supply system installed on Jamsil Railroad Bridge to sag and be exposed on the track. Passengers on Jamsil Railroad Bridge had to abandon the train car and walk across the track. Some non-Korean passengers complained the lack of announcement on the intercom system regarding the accident in English. In response Seoul Metro refunded 13,280 passengers 1,150 won each.[3] This incident was reported on major newspapers[4] and terrestrial television networks.[5][6][7]



  Old Seoul Metro subway ticket

As of February 25, 2012 ticket prices are 1,150 won for a trip up to 10 km, with 100 won added for each subsequent 5 km.[8] Prices for Uijeongbu LRT and Sin Bundang Line however start at 1,300[9] and 1,750 won respectively.[10] Half-priced children's tickets are available. Riders may also enter the system using a transportation card such as T-money, Upass, and KB Free Pass. There is a 100 won discount for using a transportation card. The city government also uses Seoul Citypass as a transportation card. Senior citizens and disabled people qualify for free transit and can get a free ticket or enter and exit using side gates rather than turnstiles. The previous ticket price was 1000 won before 100 won T-Money discount.

Travel on AREX (Airport Express) requires a separate ticket, and there is no discount when transferring to or from the line. However, if transferring from a Seoul Metro station to the AREX, it is possible to stay inside the turnstiles and pay using your T-money card.

Metro operators have replaced older magnetic strip paper ticket with new RFID tickets since May 1, 2009. The current single-use ticket is a credit-card sized plastic card with the same RFID technology, which are obtained from automated machines in every subway station. A 500 won deposit fee is included in the price, and is refunded when the ticket is returned at any station.

  Current construction

  Opening 2012

  • Uijeongbu City in Gyeonggi-do is building Uijeongbu LRT, a 15-station light rail line connecting various parts of Uijeongbu with Seoul Subway Line 1. Rides are open to the public from June 26, 2012 with the official opening on July 1st.
  • By September or October 2012, the Bundang Line will be extended north from Seolleung to Wangsimni and south to Yongin and Suwon, with eventual plans (sometime after 2013) for it to link up with a new "Suin" (Suwon-Incheon) Line in two parts all the way to Incheon, completing, together with a section of Line 4, a southern outer semicircle.[11] The Suin Line will open in two segments; 2013 and 2016.
  • Line 7 will be extended west by 6.1 miles (9.8 km) from Onsu to meet the Incheon Subway at Bupyeong-gu Office. Nine new stations will be added by October 2012.

  Opening 2013+

  Planned construction

There are several major works still in the planning stage:

  • (2013 ~ 2022) Sin Ansan Line will be connecting Ansan, Siheung, Seoul Station, and Cheongnyangni Station. At its terminus at Cheongnyangni, the line will be connected to a new light rail line called Myeonmok Light Rail Line
  • From Wangsimni Station, an interchange station of Line 2, Line 5, Jungang Line, Bundang Line (mid 2012), and Dongbuk Light Rail Line is planned.[18]
  • Incheon Line 3 is planned to be a semi-circular subway line of Incheon. It will intersect Seoul Subway Line 1 at Dowon Station and Dongmak Station at Incheon Subway Line 1 as well as the future Incheon Subway Line 2.[19]
  • The Transportation and Construction Committee of the National Assembly has approved that Line 4 will be extended from Danggogae to Jinjeop, Namyangju.
  • Myeonmokseon LRT (면목선 경전철) is a planned 12 station 9.05 km line from Cheongnyangni Station to the future Sinnae Station. Customers will be able to transfer to Seoul Subway Lines 1, 6, 7, and the Gyeongchun Line. Cost is estimated at 855.9 billion Won. Construction is scheduled to begin at the end of 2013 ending in 2018.[20][21]
  • Line 7 will get two more stations to the west to link up to Incheon Line 2. The 3.94 km extension is due completion in 2018. [22]
  • Incheon Line 1 will get one more station to Songdo Landmark City 0.84 km beyond International Business District Station. Construction is planned to be start 2013 and be completed the end of 2018. [23]
  • Several Light Rapid Transit lines are various forms of production.

  Cancelled construction

  • Wolmi Galaxy Rail (월미은하레일 Wolmi Eunha Reil) is a partly completed monorail but currently non-operational monorail on the island of Wolmido in Incheon, South Korea. The line was scheduled to open on March 2010,[24] but opening had been repeatedly postponed.[25] In 2011, Joongang Daily reported that construction has been indefinitely suspended due to "colossal corruption",[26] and that what has been built is set to be demolished due to "safety issues".[27]

  See also


  1. ^ Minstry of Land, Transport and Martime Affairs of South Korea: Definition of Urban Rail and Wide-area Rail
  2. ^ a b c "Transportation: Subway". Seoul Metropolitan Government. Archived from the original on 2007-07-03. http://web.archive.org/web/20070703162807/http://english.seoul.go.kr/residents/transport/trans_04sub_01.html. Retrieved 2007-08-07. 
  3. ^ Choi, Kwon, Mo-ran, Sang-soo (8 April 2012). "Wind shuts down major subway". JoongAng Daily. http://koreajoongangdaily.joinsmsn.com/news/article/article.aspx?aid=2951114&cloc=joongangdaily%7Chome. Retrieved 8 April 2012. 
  4. ^ 이, 미지. "강풍에… 철교 위에서 멈춘 서울 지하철 2호선". Chosun Ilbo. http://news.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2012/04/07/2012040700012.html. Retrieved 8 April 2012. 
  5. ^ 최, 재영. "강풍에 지하철 '스톱'…철교 위 아찔한 탈출". Seoul Broadcasting System. http://news.sbs.co.kr/section_news/news_read.jsp?news_id=N1001144997. Retrieved 8 April 2012. 
  6. ^ 황, 진우. "‘강풍으로 전력공급 차질’ 지하철 2호선 운행 중단". Korea Broadcasting System. http://news.kbs.co.kr/society/2012/04/06/2459867.html. Retrieved 8 April 2012. 
  7. ^ 김, 성우. "서울 지하철 2호선 일부구간 운행중단". Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation. http://imnews.imbc.com/news/2012/society/article/3044023_10156.html. Retrieved 8 April 2012. 
  8. ^ "9호선/수도권 전철 읍데이트들 - Misc Subway Updates" (Blog). Rick&Nyo. 19 April 2012. http://cocowerk.blog.me/140157431985. Retrieved 19 April 2012. 
  9. ^ "의정부경전철 개통 및 이용안내" ((Korean)). Opening Information. U Line. June 7th, 2012. http://ulrt.co.kr/news/view.do?wr_id=130. Retrieved 16th June, 2012. 
  10. ^ "[Editorial Subway Line No. 9"] (website). The Korea Herald. 2012-04-16. http://www.koreaherald.com/opinion/Detail.jsp?newsMLId=20120416000638. Retrieved 19 04 2012. 
  11. ^ http://frdb.new21.org/125.htm
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ "용인 경전철 2013년 4월 정상 운영". News. Chosun. 2012.04.19. http://boomup.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2012/04/19/2012041901978.html. Retrieved 8 May 2012. 
  14. ^ [2]
  15. ^ "Incheon metro Line 2 signalling contract awarded". Railway Gazette International. 2010-02-09. http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/single-view/view//incheon-metro-line-2-signalling-contract-awarded.html. 
  16. ^ 최, 미경 (June 22, 2012). "인천시의회, 하루 만에 뒤집다" (Korean). Kiho News. http://www.kihoilbo.co.kr/news/articleView.html?idxno=469721. Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  17. ^ "DX Line 홈페이지에 오신것을 환영합니다" (Korean Language). Shin Bundang. http://shinbundang.co.kr/information/information04.asp. Retrieved 29 April 2011. 
  18. ^ [3]
  19. ^ [4]
  20. ^ Lee, Jinchol (July 10, 2011). "청량리-신내역 면목선 경전철 민자사업 본격화". E Daily Jonghab News. http://www.edaily.co.kr/news/NewsRead.edy?SCD=DF13&newsid=01246406596313208&DCD=A00106&OutLnkChk=Y. Retrieved 09 Sept. 2011. 
  21. ^ Kim, Gyeongtaek (July 11, 2011). "청량리~신내역 경전철 면목선 2013년 착공". Kukmin Ilbo Kuki News. http://news.kukinews.com/article/view.asp?page=1&gCode=kmi&arcid=0005144532&cp=nv. Retrieved 02 Sept. 2011. 
  22. ^ "사업소개" (Korean Language). 도시철도건설본부. http://www.incheon.go.kr/icweb/html/web15/015001001003.html. Retrieved 7 June 2012. 
  23. ^ "사업소개" (Korean Language). 도시철도건설본부. http://www.incheon.go.kr/icweb/html/web15/015001001003.html. Retrieved 7 June 2012. 
  24. ^ http://www.hyundaiilbo.com/cgi/board.html?type=view&class=hd12&no=321171&page=1&mode=&search=&key_word=
  25. ^ http://www.kyeongin.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=528142
  26. ^ http://joongangdaily.joins.com/article/view.asp?aid=2936266
  27. ^ http://joongangdaily.joins.com/article/view.asp?aid=2937921

  External links



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